Volume 6.22 | June 22

2020-22-06 | DCN 6.22
Dermal Cell News by STEMCELL Technologies
Vol. 6.22 – 22 June, 2020
TOP STORY

Excessive Polyamine Generation in Keratinocytes Promotes Self-RNA Sensing by Dendritic Cells in Psoriasis

Scientists suggested that urea cycle hyperreactivity and excessive polyamine generation in psoriatic keratinocytes promoted self-RNA sensation and highlighted protein phosphatase 6 deregulation in keratinocytes as a pivotal event that amplified the inflammatory circuits in psoriasis.
[Immunity]

AbstractGraphical Abstract

34836e25-0b03-4294-bc2d-647cd8f95723_ON800CYT-Cytokines-Update-645x110
PUBLICATIONSRanked by the impact factor of the journal

TERT Promoter Mutation Determines Apoptotic and Therapeutic Responses of BRAF-Mutant Cancers to BRAF and MEK Inhibitors: Achilles Heel

Using thyroid cancer, melanoma, and colon cancer cell models, the authors showed that dabrafenib and trametinib induced robust apoptosis of cancer cells harboring both BRAF V600E and TERT promoter mutations but had little proapoptotic effect in cells harboring only BRAF V600E.
[Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America]

Abstract

Nanospheres Loaded with Curcumin Improve the Bioactivity of Umbilical Cord Blood-Mesenchymal Stem Cells via c-Src Activation during the Skin Wound Healing Process

Researchers investigated the functional role of a nanosphere loaded with curcumin (CN) in the promotion of the motility of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) during the skin wound healing process. They found that transplantation of umbilical cord blood-MSCs pre-treated with CN enhanced wound closure, granulation, and re-epithelialization at mouse skin wound sites.
[Cells]

AbstractGraphical Abstract

Andrographis paniculata and Its Bioactive Diterpenoids against Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Keratinocytes

Investigators showed a decrease in reactive oxygen species production and tumor necrosis factor-α expression by methanolic extract (ME) in HaCaT under pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory conditions, respectively. ME protected HaCaT against oxidative stress and inflammation.
[Antioxidants]

Abstract

Protective Effect of a Fucose-Rich Fucoidan Isolated from Saccharina japonica against Ultraviolet B-Induced Photodamage In Vitro in Human Keratinocytes and In Vivo in Zebrafish

A fucose-rich fucoidan was purified from brown seaweed Saccharina japonica, of which the UVB protective effect was investigated in vitro in keratinocytes of HaCaT cells and in vivo in zebrafish. The intracellular ROS levels and the viability of UVB-irradiated HaCaT cells were determined.
[Marine Drugs]

Full Article

Intratumoral Immune Activation with TLR4 Agonist Synergizes with Effector T Cells to Eradicate Established Murine Tumors

Scientists combined intratumoral administration of the synthetic toll-like receptor 4 agonist glucopyranosyl lipid A with either active vaccination or adoptive transfer of tumor-specific CD8 T cells to mice bearing established melanomas.
[Npj Vaccines]

Full Article

Disseminated Melanoma Cells Transdifferentiate into Endothelial Cells in Intravascular Niches at Metastatic Sites

Investigators combined lineage tracing in a spontaneous metastatic mouse model of melanoma, advanced imaging, and single-cell RNA sequencing approaches to search for pathophysiologically relevant melanoma cellular states.
[Cell Reports]

Full ArticleGraphical Abstract

The Hippo Pathway Oncoprotein YAP Promotes Melanoma Cell Invasion and Spontaneous Metastasis

To analyze the Hippo pathway in cutaneous melanoma, researchers generated a transcriptional signature of melanoma cells that overexpressed YAP, the key downstream Hippo pathway oncoprotein.
[Oncogene]

Abstract

miR-410-3p Is Induced by Vemurafenib via ER Stress and Contributes to Resistance to BRAF Inhibitor in Melanoma

Scientists showed a novel mechanism of melanoma resistance. miR-410-3p was induced by vemurafenib in melanoma cells via ER stress. It drove switching to the invasive phenotype that led to the response and resistance to BRAF inhibition.
[PLoS One]

Full Article

Polyphenolic Composition and Anti-Melanoma Activity of White Forsythia (Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai) Organ Extracts

The authors investigated the potential anticancer effect of Abeliophyllum distichum organ extracts against human melanoma SK-MEL-2 cells. The methanol extract of A. distichum leaves exhibited dose- and time-dependent cytotoxicities against SK-MEL-2 cells but not against HDFa human dermal fibroblasts.
[Plants]

Full Article

Multi-Omic Analysis Reveals Significantly Mutated Genes and DDX3X as a Sex-Specific Tumor Suppressor in Cutaneous Melanoma

Researchers performed a mutation significance study of over 1,000 melanoma exomes, combined with a multi-omic analysis of 470 cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas.
[Nature Cancer]

Abstract

Virtual Conference Exhibition: Pluripotent Stem Cells
REVIEWS

Pleiotropic Role of Notch Signaling in Human Skin Diseases

The authors describe the role of Notch signaling in the skin, particularly focusing on the principal consequences associated with its alterations in five human skin diseases, in order to reorganize the current knowledge and to identify potential cellular mechanisms in common between these pathologies.
[International Journal of Molecular Sciences]

Full Article

INDUSTRY AND POLICY NEWS

Arcutis Enrolls Last Patient in Phase II Proof of Concept Clinical Trial Evaluating ARQ-154 (Topical Roflumilast Foam) as a Potential Treatment for Seborrheic Dermatitis

Arcutis Biotherapeutics, Inc. announced it has completed enrollment of its Phase II proof of concept clinical trial evaluating roflumilast foam as a potential treatment for seborrheic dermatitis.
[Arcutis Biotherapeutics]

Press Release

Dupixent® Approved in China for Adults with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis

The National Medical Products Administration in China has approved Dupixent® for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in adults whose disease is not adequately controlled with topical prescription therapies or when those therapies are not advisable.
[Sanofi]

Press Release

US Science Groups Wary of New Senate Bills to Curb Foreign Influences

A bipartisan group of US senators proposed sweeping—and controversial—changes in how the federal government manages academic research in the face of threats from other countries.
[ScienceInsider]

Editorial

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2020-07-16 – 2020-07-17
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JOB OPPORTUNITIES

Postdoctoral – Molecular Oncology and Immunology

Netherlands Cancer Institute – Amsterdam, Netherlands

Product Manager, Melanoma

Bristol Myers Squibb – Montréal, Quebec, Canada

Postdoctoral Associate – Melanoma

The Hormel Institute – Austin, Minnesota, United States

Postdoctoral Fellowship – Dermatology

Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts

Postdoctoral Fellow – Melanoma

The Wistar Institute – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Postdoctoral Fellow – Melanoma Therapy Resistance

The Wistar Institute – Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Postdoctoral Reseach Fellow – Skin Immunology

University of California, Davis – Sacramento, California, United States

Analytical Development Chemist – Dermatology

Taro Pharmaceuticals Inc. – Brampton, Ontario, Canada

Senior Scientist – Inflammation Research

Amgen Inc – South San Francisco, California, United States

Postdoctoral Fellowship – Autoimmune Diseases

Benaroya Research Institute – Seattle, Washington, United States

> See All Jobs

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