Volume 2.06 | Feb 22

Dermal Cell News 2.06 February 22, 2016
Dermal Cell News
     In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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TOP STORY
Truncating PREX2 Mutations Activate Its GEF Activity and Alter Gene Expression Regulation in NRAS-Mutant Melanoma
Genetic and biochemical analyses were conducted to elucidate the nature and mechanistic basis of PREX2 (phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-triphosphate-dependent Rac-exchange factor 2) mutation in melanoma development. [Proc Natl Acad Sci USA] Abstract
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PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
DERMAL STEM CELLS & TISSUE REGENERATION

Synergistic Interactions of Blood-Borne Immune Cells, Fibroblasts and Extracellular Matrix Drive Repair in an In Vitro Peri-Implant Wound Healing Model
The authors showed that alkali-treatment, compared to native titanium surfaces, increased blood clot thickness, including platelet adhesion. Blood clots with entrapped blood cells in synergistic interactions with fibroblasts, but not fibroblasts alone, upregulated the secretion of major factors associated with fast healing. [Sci Rep] Full Article

Overexpression of Cyclin D1 Induces the Reprogramming of Differentiated Epidermal Cells into Stem Cell-Like Cells
Researchers provide evidence that overexpression of Cyclin D1 induces reprogramming of epidermal cells into stem cell-like cells. [Cell Cycle] Abstract

Estrogen Promotes Healing in a Bacterial LPS Model of Delayed Cutaneous Wound Repair
Investigators asked whether estrogen would effectively promote healing in an LPS bacterial infection model. Co-treatment with 17β-estradiol was able to promote re-epithelialisation, dampen inflammation and induce collagen deposition in our LPS-delayed healing model. [Lab Invest] Abstract

Human Amniotic Epithelial Stem Cells Promote Wound Healing by Facilitating Migration and Proliferation of Keratinocytes via ERK, JNK and AKT Signaling Pathways
Researchers found that human amniotic epithelial stem cells (HAESC) accelerate the migration of keratinocytes and induce a remarkable increase in the activity of phospho-ERK, phospho-JNK, and phospho-AKT, the blockade of which by their specific inhibitors significantly inhibited migration induced by HAESC-conditioned medium. [Cell Tissue Res] Abstract

Hexosamine Biosynthesis in Keratinocytes – Roles of GFAT and GNPDA Enzymes in the Maintenance of UDP-GlcNAc Content and Hyaluronan Synthesis
Depletion of glutamine-fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferases (GFAT) reduced the cellular pool of UDP-N-Acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) and hyaluronan synthesis, while simultaneous blocking of both glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminases (GNPDA) exerted opposite effects, indicating that in standard culture conditions keratinocyte GNPDAs mainly catalyzed the reaction from glucosamine-6-phosphate back to fructose-6-phosphate. [Glycobiology] Abstract

Changes in Dermal Matrix in the Absence of Rac1 in Keratinocytes
The authors assessed the effects of Rac1 deletion in keratinocytes and of the heightened inflammatory status by induction of irritant contact dermatitis on the tissue localisation and arrangements of dermal collagen. [J Anat] Abstract

SKIN CANCERS & DISORDERS

XPA Promotes Autophagy to Facilitate Cisplatin Resistance in Melanoma Cells through the Activation of PARP1
Scientists found that xeroderma pigmentosum (XPA) was expressed at higher levels in cisplatin-resistant melanoma cells than that in cisplatin-sensitive ones. The knockdown of XPA not only increased cellular apoptosis but also inhibited cisplatin-induced autophagy, which rendered the melanoma cells more sensitive to cisplatin. [J Invest Dermatol] Abstract

SOX9 Indirectly Regulates CEACAM1 Expression and Immune Resistance in Melanoma Cells
Investigators examined the role of transcription factor SOX9 in the regulation of CEACAM1 (carcinoembryonic antigen cell adhesion molecule 1) expression and immune resistance in melanoma cells. [Oncotarget] Full Article

Ubiquitin Ligase UBE3C Promotes Melanoma Progression by Increasing Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Melanoma Cells
Researchers analyzed ubiquitin-protein ligase E3C (UBE3C) expression in samples of cancerous and normal skin tissue. Levels of UBE3C expression were much higher in primary and metastatic melanoma tissues than in normal skin, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma. [Oncotarget] Full Article

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REVIEWS
Emerging Roles of Hyaluronic Acid Bioscaffolds in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
The authors highlight the therapeutic applications of hyaluronic acid-based bioscaffolds in organ-specific tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. [Int J Biol Macromol] Abstract

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the dermal cell research field.
 
INDUSTRY NEWS
Rutgers to Launch Skin Research Laboratory
A $1 million grant from the MCJ Amelior Foundation will be used to recruit an up-and-coming researcher in the field of skin research and set up a laboratory for the scientist within Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences’ newly launched Institute for Infectious and Inflammatory Diseases. [Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey] Press Release

Cutting Edge Medical Research Ideas Receive £23.2 Million Boost
The Medical Research Council is accelerating innovative medical research with £23.2 million in new funding to take ground-breaking ideas from UK universities into industry and out to patients. [Medical Research Council] Press Release

Cancer MoonShot 2020 Announces the Formation of a National Pediatrics Consortium, a Major Milestone in the War on Cancer in Children
Cancer MoonShot 2020 announced another milestone in its quest to alter the course of cancer care with the formation of the Pediatrics Consortium focused on bringing the promise of combined immunotherapy as the next-generation standard of cancer care to children diagnosed with the disease. [Cancer MoonShot 2020] Press Release

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POLICY NEWS
National Institutes of Health (United States)

Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (United States)

European Medicines Agency (European Union)

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (United Kingdom)

Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia)
 
EVENTS
NEW International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) 50th Anniversary Conference
July 7-10, 2016
Lyon, France

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the dermal cell community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW Postdoctoral Fellow – Molecular Regulation of Tissue Repair and Fibrosis (US Army Institute of Surgical Research)

Postdoctoral Position – Computational Biology of Inflammatory Skin Diseases (Helmholtz Association)

Faculty Position – Melanoma And Immunotherapy (Weill Cornell College of Medicine)

Postdoctoral Position – Immunology, Cancer, and Stem Cells (University of Connecticut)

Postdoctoral Scholar – Mechanisms of Metastatic Melanoma (Penn State College of Medicine)

Professor – Dermatology (Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen)

Postdoctoral Research Scientist – Skin Wound Healing and Inflammation (Inserm)

Professor – Dermato-oncology (Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University of Bonn)

Postdoctoral Scholarship – Cancer Biology (Lund University)

Postdoctoral Position – Epigenetics of Genome Maintenance (National Cancer Institute)


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