Volume 1.10 | Jul 20

Dermal Cell News 1.10 July 20, 2015
Dermal Cell News
     In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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TOP STORY
Researchers at Penn Develop Scar-Like Culture Systems to Understand and Treat Fibrosis
Researchers developed a “scar in a dish” in order to uncover mechanisms that cells use to sense this fibrous tissue. The system will be helpful for understanding the roots of the scars’ stiffness, and ultimately lead to treatments that would help revert the tissue to its normal consistency. [Press release from University of Pennsylvania discussing online prepublication in Nature Materials] Press Release | Abstract
Weekend-Free Culture hPSCs with mTeSR™1 or TeSR™-E8™
 
PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
DERMAL STEM CELLS & TISSUE REGENERATION

Acute Activation of Oxidative Pentose Phosphate Pathway as First-Line Response to Oxidative Stress in Human Skin Cells
Researchers investigated the short-term metabolic response in human skin fibroblasts and keratinocytes to H2O2 and UV exposure. [Mol Cell] Abstract | Graphical Abstract

Transcription Factor CTIP2 Maintains Hair Follicle Stem Cell Pool and Contributes to Altered Expression of LHX2 and NFATC1
Keratinocytes of the bulge stem cells niche of COUP-TF-interacting protein 2 (Ctip2)ep-/- mice proliferated more and underwent reduced apoptosis than the corresponding cells of wild-type mice. However, premature activation of follicular stem cells in mice lacking CTIP2 leads to the exhaustion of this stem cell compartment in comparison to Ctip2L2/L2 mice, which retained quiescent follicle stem cells. [J Invest Dermatol] Abstract

7-Hydroxydehydronuciferine Induces Human Melanoma Death via Triggering Autophagy and Apoptosis
Investigators identified 7-hydroxydehydronuciferine isolated from the leaves of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn cv Rosa-plena to be a bio-active agent that antagonizes melanoma tumor growth in mice xenograft model in vivo. [Exp Dermatol] Abstract

Modulating the Expression of Survivin and Other Basal Epidermal Proteins Protects Human Skin from UVB Damage and Oxidative Stress
The authors investigated the implication of survivin in epidermal renewal and the relationships between survivin expression and UVB-induced DNA damage levels in cultured human keratinocytes and in skin biopsies. [J Cosmet Dermatol] Abstract

SKIN CANCERS & DISORDERS

CDKN2B Loss Promotes Progression from Benign Melanocytic Nevus to Melanoma
The authors showed that CDKN2B is highly upregulated in benign melanocytic nevi, contributes to maintaining nevus melanocytes in a growth-arrested premalignant state, and is commonly lost in melanoma. [Cancer Discov] Abstract

AMPK/HuR-Driven IL-20 Post-Transcriptional Regulation in Psoriatic Skin
Researchers showed that IL-20 was primarily upregulated in psoriatic skin at the post-transcriptional level. The RNA-binding protein HuR relocalized to the cytoplasm of keratinocytes of psoriatic patients, suggesting that it stabilizes numerous transcripts, as observed in the human keratinocyte cell lines used to assess IL-20 mRNA. [J Invest Dermatol] Abstract

miR-137 Inhibits Proliferation of Melanoma Cells by Targeting PAK2
The authors found that overexpression of miR-137 inhibited the proliferation of melanoma cells, which could be phenocopied by knockdown of p21-activated kinase 2 (PAK2) using siRNAs. [Exp Dermatol] Abstract

MicroRNA-375 Suppresses Extracellular Matrix Degradation and Invadopodial Activity in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Increased miR-375 expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells suppressed extracellular matrix degradation and reduced the number of mature invadopodia. Higher miR-375 expression did not reduce cellular levels of selected invadopodia-associated proteins, nor was tyrosine phosphorylation of cortactin altered. [Arch Pathol Lab Med] Abstract | Full Article

Learn More: Standardized Tools for Cancer Research
 
REVIEWS
Wound Repair: Role of Immune–Epithelial Interactions
Upon injury, epithelial wound closure is orchestrated by a series of events that emanate from the epithelium itself as well as by the temporal recruitment of immune cells into the wound bed. An improved understanding of mechanisms that mediate repair is important in the development of therapeutics aimed to promote mucosal wound repair. [Mucosal Immunol] Abstract

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the dermal cell research field.
 
INDUSTRY NEWS
European Commission Approves Nivolumab BMS, the First PD-1 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor in Europe Proven to Extend Survival for Patients with Previously-Treated Advanced Squamous Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Bristol-Myers Squibb Company announced that the European Commission has approved Nivolumab BMS for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic squamous non-small cell lung cancer after prior chemotherapy. [Bristol-Myers Squibb Company] Press Release

apceth and University of Cologne to Join Forces on Combination Cellular Immunotherapies for Cancer
apceth announced a broad partnership with the Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne, University of Cologne, to combine technologies and expertise, on the development of immunotherapies for solid tumors and hematological malignancies. [apceth GmbH & Co. KG] Press Release

Galderma Receives FDA Approval for New Antibiotic-Free Treatment Option for Acne Patients
Galderma Laboratories, L.P. announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved antibiotic-free Epiduo® Forte (adapalene and benzoyl peroxide) Gel, 0.3%/2.5%, for the once-daily, topical treatment of acne vulgaris [Galderma Laboratories, L.P] Press Release

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POLICY NEWS
National Institutes of Health (United States)

Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (United States)

European Medicines Agency (European Union)

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (United Kingdom)

Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia)
 
EVENTS
NEW Unique Features of Human Skin
October 16, 2015
La Jolla, United States

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the dermal cell community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW Postdoctoral Fellow – Cancer Biology (University of Pennsylvania)

Research Fellow – Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine (National Cancer Center Singapore)

PhD Position – Biomedical Research (Macquarie University)

Senior Scientist – Therapy for Severe, Genetic Skin Diseases (Free University of Berlin)

Assistant/Associate Professor – Melanoma Research (University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute)

Scientific Writer – Regenerative Medicine (University of Washington)

Assistant/Associate Professor – Dermatology Research (Boston University)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Computational Biology and Bioinformatics in Melanoma (Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Stem Cell Niche Function (Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)


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